(Featured Story/World Bank, March 8, 2018)
When it comes to energy, Ethiopia has tremendous advantages. It has the second-highest installed available capacity for electricity generation in Sub-Saharan Africa, at 4.5 GW. It has a well-developed transmission and distribution network, with nearly 80 percent of the population living within proximity of medium-voltage transmission lines. It has abundant sources of renewable energy just waiting to be tapped – including wind, solar and geothermal– enough to easily supply the power needs of the country. And it is one of the few countries in the world where the electric grid is nearly 100 percent supplied by renewable sources.
The electricity access coverage of Ethiopia is still very low, covering only about 30% of the population so to say. To address the energy access challenge of the remaining 70% of the population, the country plans to leverage the capability of the private sector in addition to the efforts of the long practiced public sector led initiatives.
As the country tries new ways of addressing the access challenge, it requires a thorough understanding of the new business models and the new perspectives not only to realize the stated objectives and goals but also manage the downside risks emerging from the new practices.
To assist the developing countries in closing the knowledge gap that existed, development partners wrote and shared handbooks that could help tap the best practices for all the players, the public sector in particular, to benefit from the engagements.
(BHENOK TIBEBU/The Ethiopian Herald, 24 March 2018)
After 18 months of researches and exploration with partners, Ethiopian Geological Survey has identified 23 geothermal energy potential areas in the Ethiopian Rift Valley Zone, it dislosed. Tamiru Mersha, Communication Affairs Director at the Ethiopian Geological Survey, told The Ethiopian Herald that a potential of over 10,000 Mega Wats (MW) geothermal energy was discovered in that area.
The 2018 Hydropower Status Report offers insights and trends on the hydropower sector. Now in its fifth edition, the report provides information and statistics on installed capacity and estimated generation by country and by region, articles by leading energy and environment ministers, and results of a sector-wide survey on the future of hydropower. In the report, Ethiopia tops Africa by having an installed capacity of 3822MW, followed by South Africa with 3,595 MW, Egypt with 2,844 MW and DR Congo with 2,593 MW.