Access to affordable energy supply is a real booster in today’s competitive business landscape so to say in the developing world where businesses scramble to better position themselves against the competitors somewhere else. The cost of electricity is one of the major factors in investment decisions in the manufacturing sector.
Then, comes the question of reliability of the electricity supply. Utilities, particularly those in the developing world, are constantly challenged in balancing affordability and/against reliability. In their ongoing struggle to address both cases, power theft constantly stands on their way.
(The National Electrification program, NEP, document):
Adequate, reliable, and affordable electricity access connectivity nationwide is a critical enabler for realizing Ethiopia’s future growth and transformation,economic prosperity, and well-being of all its citizens nationwide. Today, grid connected household connectivity is about 20+ percent of the population. And many priority social services delivery institutions especially in rural areas—schools and clinics—also have limited access connectivity and reliability. There is no time to lose. Following release of the Government’s National Energy Strategy (NES–2016) and reflecting its recommendations, the Ethiopia’s National Electrification Program (NEP)—Implementation Roadmap (IRM) presents the Government’s action plan for achieving universal electricity access nationwide by 2025, in a strategic and comprehensive as well as efficient and transparent manner, for the benefit of all its citizens. Toward this end, the key operational action elements of the NEP-IRM target are:
Electricity Tariff- is the rate at which electrical energy is supplied to a consumer. Electricity tariff (sometimes referred to as electricity pricing or the price of electricity) varies widely from country to country, and may vary significantly from locality to locality within a particular country. There are many reasons that account for these differences in price. The price of power generation depends largely on the type and market price of the fuel used, government subsidies, government and industry regulation, and even local weather patterns.
In standard regulated monopoly markets, like the case in Ethiopia, electricity rates typically vary for residential, commercial, and industrial customers. Prices for any single class of electricity customer can also vary by time of day or by the capacity or nature of the supply circuit etc. If a specific market allows real time dynamic pricing, a more recent option in limited markets to date typically following the introduction of electronic metering, prices can even vary between times of low and high electricity network demand.
(Xinhua, 20 April 2018)
The Ethiopian government on Friday revealed that Ethiopia's access to electric power grid system has now reached more than 57 percent. The Ethiopian Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Electricity, in its latest report presented to the Ethiopian House of Peoples and Representatives on Friday, indicated that the East African country's access to electric power has reached 57 percent, while the number of households that are connected through the national electric power grid system has reached to 2.8 million. According to Tilahun Legesse, Director of the National Electricity Provision under the ministry, the number of Ethiopian households and the reported percentage level is only attributed to the electric power energy, in which the contribution of other sources of energy would further augment the country's energy coverage.