The Waste to energy conversion facility has 25 MW capacity and will produce 185 Giga Watts Hour (GWh) of electricity per year, crushing 1,400 tons of solid waste on a daily basis (thereporterethiopia, 2018). The facility's successful inauguration has multiple implications and benefits to the country.
The straight forward benefit of the power plant is the additional capacity built at the heart of the main load center pushing the renewable energy resources portfolio reserve of the country in multiple directions.
The second benefit is that Ethiopia largely depends on hydro power to drive the burgeoning economy and its energy security is often times perceived as at stake in times of drier weather. Slowly but surely, the energy supply mix or diversity is shifting, Repi being the latest addition to Ethiopian Electric Power's, EEP's, power capacity to safeguard the economy in such unfavorable circumstances.
Access to affordable energy supply is a real booster in today’s competitive business landscape so to say in the developing world where businesses scramble to better position themselves against the competitors somewhere else. The cost of electricity is one of the major factors in investment decisions in the manufacturing sector.
Then, comes the question of reliability of the electricity supply. Utilities, particularly those in the developing world, are constantly challenged in balancing affordability and/against reliability. In their ongoing struggle to address both cases, power theft constantly stands on their way.
(The National Electrification program, NEP, document):
Adequate, reliable, and affordable electricity access connectivity nationwide is a critical enabler for realizing Ethiopia’s future growth and transformation,economic prosperity, and well-being of all its citizens nationwide. Today, grid connected household connectivity is about 20+ percent of the population. And many priority social services delivery institutions especially in rural areas—schools and clinics—also have limited access connectivity and reliability. There is no time to lose. Following release of the Government’s National Energy Strategy (NES–2016) and reflecting its recommendations, the Ethiopia’s National Electrification Program (NEP)—Implementation Roadmap (IRM) presents the Government’s action plan for achieving universal electricity access nationwide by 2025, in a strategic and comprehensive as well as efficient and transparent manner, for the benefit of all its citizens. Toward this end, the key operational action elements of the NEP-IRM target are:
Electricity Tariff- is the rate at which electrical energy is supplied to a consumer. Electricity tariff (sometimes referred to as electricity pricing or the price of electricity) varies widely from country to country, and may vary significantly from locality to locality within a particular country. There are many reasons that account for these differences in price. The price of power generation depends largely on the type and market price of the fuel used, government subsidies, government and industry regulation, and even local weather patterns.
In standard regulated monopoly markets, like the case in Ethiopia, electricity rates typically vary for residential, commercial, and industrial customers. Prices for any single class of electricity customer can also vary by time of day or by the capacity or nature of the supply circuit etc. If a specific market allows real time dynamic pricing, a more recent option in limited markets to date typically following the introduction of electronic metering, prices can even vary between times of low and high electricity network demand.