(Vivien Foster, 2019), Rethinking Power Sector Reform in the Developing World report suggests that future power sector reforms should be shaped by context, driven by outcomes, and informed by alternatives with a clear departure from the normative 1990s power sector reform prescription which comprised a package of four structural reforms: Regulation (through the creation of an autonomous regulatory entity); Restructuring (entailing corporatization and full vertical and horizontal unbundling of the utility); Private sector participation (particularly in generation and distribution); Competition (ultimately in the form of a wholesale power market).
(AfDB, 2019), Revisiting Reforms in the Power Sector in Africa, asserts that the power sector in Africa still largely retains the traditional integrated monopoly utility structure, although many have included IPPs, despite the standard model Prescription of the reform targeting all segments of the power sector value-chain in Africa, and in very different ways pointing that the standard model reforms generally did not prioritize social and political goals of expanding access to electricity and clean energy sources, nor improving equity or affordability conditions.
Ethiopia being among the laggards in terms of implementing the standard policy prescription, it has taken the first few steps including setting up an independent regulator and vertically unbundling the state monopoly in to two separate utilities since the beginning of 2013. The reform process continues to unfold albeit a slow and cautious pace.
The Ministry of Water, Irrigation & Energy launched a new road map that aims at boosting the country’s power supply by four-fold from its current generating capacity. While having a capacity of generating 40,000MW to 50,000MW of electric power, the country only generates 4,400MW from water and other renewable energy sources, according to the Ministry.
The 10-year energy road map aims at expanding the power-generating ability of Ethiopia and to meet the demand, according to Frehiwot Weldehana (PhD), state minister for Water, Irrigation & Energy. The current 20,000Km of electric line coverage will be upgraded to 34,000Km, while the existing 204 electric distribution stations will expand to 256, according to the road map. Ethiopia will also generate 20,000MW of energy at the end of the 10 years, of which 14,000MW will come from hydro, while 1,700MW, 900MW and 2,000MW will be generated from solar, geothermal and wind sources, respectively.
Following the reform program begun in 2013 including the liberalization of the generation sector, establishment of an independent regulator, unbundling (vertical) of the state power utility and enacting of a public private partnership law, the energy sector has made a fair share of its own version( in contrast to the standard power sector reform model) of reform progress in Ethiopia.
In addition to the ongoing hydro based investments/constructions still taking place ( GERD, Genale, Koisha being the few examples), key mile stones are also being made in new technologies and business models albeit a slow pace and rigor.
Utility scale ((1* 100MW, 2*125MW) solar projects have been awarded to IPP developers and few more are in the tendering stage,
Ethiopia Launched a revised national electrification plan at a power summit held from 27-29 March 2019 in Addis Ababab, Ethiopia. The comprehensive program document explains the detailed targets the country intends to achieve and the staged approaches to be used for a universal electricity access coverage by 2025.
Source: Africa Energy Forum 2019
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