Minister of Water, Irrigation and Energy, Sileshi Bekele disclosed today that the construction two bottom outlets (BO) of the GERD that provides release of water into the downstream has been completed, tested and become operational.
The 2 BOs have capacity of passing entire annual Abbay flow in a year, provide assurances of flow of water to downstream at no time water interrupted, the Minister Twitted. According to him, other 13 outlets are under construction adding huge capacity of water release.
In the rainy season these BO guarantee flow while filling takes place as inflow exceeding outflow at reservoir. As such GERD is important for power generation for the needs of Ethiopia, the Minister stated.
“It removes flood risk in Sudan like the one occurred last season, saves losses of water in flood plains and GERD is not a concern for harm. It is designed smart as filling an construction go in parallel, constructed as high quality & state of the art modern facility. Rests on meters square area,” Sileshi pointed out.
Source: Ethiopian News Agency, ENA
Since Ethiopia, unlike the downstream countries, firmly believes in resolving the outstanding issues with regard to the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), it has persistently continued negotiating, Irrigation and Energy Minister Sileshi Bekele said. Through the last negotiations and empathy for the two downstream countries, Ethiopia extended the filling of the dam 4 to 7 years, although it can be filled within three years as per the design, the minister told Al Jazeera Arabic.
According to him, scientist of the three countries have developed a stage-based filling mechanism which takes about 4 stages where the first stages have 2 stages, and in the second year the dam will be filled up to 595 meters that constitutes dead storage volume. Last year the filling happened for 4.9 billion cubic meters and another 13.4 billion cubic meters will be added in the subsequent year, Sileshi added.
Sileshi revealed that,
Ethiopia contributes 77 billion cubic meters but only takes this amount to fill its dam. So the Declaration of Principles articulates that the filling will happen while the dam construction continues. Filling of the dam is part of the construction.
The Declaration of Principles (DOP) is a principle not a guideline. A guideline is subordinate to the DOP that will provide an instrument on how to put these rules and guidelines in place so that when we fill the dam it will be according to certain rules, the minister elaborated.
Ethiopia will work to capitalize on the large Diaspora to further consolidate ties with the government of the United States and promote its vision of development, peace, democracy and fair utilization of Nile waters through the year of 2013, Ethiopian Ambassador to the U.S. said.
Speaking to The Ethiopian Herald, Ethiopian Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the U.S., Fitsum Arega stated that prime attention has been given to employ Ethiopians and foreigners of Ethiopian origin to lobby the U.S. government in that Ethiopia has full right to utilize cross-border rivers in an equitable manner. Ambassador Fitsum highlighted that the majority of the Ethiopian Diaspora living in the U.S. want to see a country with strong and vibrant economy and prosperity; and they have been hugely engaged in informing the various U.S. government institutions that the GERD is being built in a way that ensures the benefits of Nile lower riparian countries.
Noting that the Ethio-US cooperation is growing as they are working hard to enhance partnerships in a range of sectors, he said that consolidated diplomatic efforts are underway to aware the U.S. policy making bodies that the GERD will have positive outcomes to both Egypt and Sudan. “Ethiopia and the U.S. have worked in partnership for many years to combat terrorism and their collaboration has been witnessed success by bringing peace and stability in the turbulent Horn of African region.”
The government of Ethiopia has set a goal of providing access to electricity to all its citizens by 2025. It still has a long way to go, but projects such as the Genale Dawa III hydropower station are helping it get closer to the target. That’s one of the reasons Genale Dawa III is a POWER Top Plant.
The population in Africa is among the fastest growing and youngest in the world. The International Energy Agency (IEA) has reported that 1-in-2 people added to the world population between today and 2040 will be in Africa. The continent is expected to overtake China and India, and become the world’s most populous region by 2023. By some estimates, more than half a billion people are expected to be added to Africa’s urban population by 2040.
Let’s take a moment to digest that. New York City, which includes the boroughs of Brooklyn, Queens, Manhattan, the Bronx, and Staten Island, is the most populous city in the U.S. Its population was estimated to be 8,336,817 in 2019. That basically means, on average, three cities the size of New York City will be added to Africa every year from now through 2040. Of course, those people will ultimately be added in a less-conspicuous manner in many cities throughout the continent rather than in new cities the size of NYC, but the magnitude of the population growth is mind-boggling.