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Tourists will pay certain amount on top of visa fee.

A new bill that will introduce an ecotax, a tax levied on activities considered harmful to the environment, is in the making. Drafted by the Environment, Forest & Climate Change Commission, the bill has been in the making for the past five months and is expected to be tabled to the Council of Ministers this week. It will form the Eco-Fund, which will be reporting to the Prime Minister and will be tasked with administering the funds collected through the scheme. The Fund will be treated separately and be used for environmental protection.

Dubbed the Eco-system Service Payment, the proclamation is aimed at promoting environment-friendly activities through economic incentives. It will collect funds in two ways: through a green tax and an eco-system service fee; both will be treated separately with two new directives that will follow the legislation of the proclamation. The green tax mainly targets pollutants that affect the environment in different ways and the collected taxes will be directed to environmental rehabilitation. It will be imposed on fossil fuels, petroleum, mining and the usage of pesticides, among others.

An eco-system service fee will be imposed on companies and service providers that base their business on natural resources. It is applied with a baseline contract to be signed with these businesses to make them contribute to the preservation and conservation of natural resources. It applies to national parks, water bottlers, private or public dam owners, genetic resources, and businesses in the tourism sector.

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ABSTRACT

The development objective of Renewable Energy Guarantees Program Project is to increase renewable energy generation capacity through private sector participation in Ethiopia. Some of the negative impacts include: (i) soil erosion; (ii) land contamination; (iii) air pollution; (iv) construction noise; (v) water pollution; (vi) habitat loss and disturbance; (vii) disruption of road traffic; (viii) pressure on public services; (ix) community health and safety risks; (x) occupation health and safety risks; and (xi) loss of physical cultural resources.

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(IFC/ Perspective, 2018)

The green bond market has seen explosive growth in the past decade, presenting an unrivaled opportunity in climate finance. Annual issuance has now risen from zero to more than $155 billion globally, with more growth ahead. But in emerging markets, the green bond era is just beginning. Combating climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time, requiring far more financing than governments alone can provide. Yet there is good news. Climate change is increasingly viewed as a business opportunity, opening many profitable ways for investors to help protect the planet.

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