Each year, millions of lives are adversely affected by smoke released from cooking on open fires or simple stoves fuelled by wood, charcoal and dung. The much-awaited series of international guidelines for safer cookstoves, just published, aims to help. Some three billion people around the world rely on polluting stoves and open fires to cook the family meals. Not only are these methods inefficient, the harmful smoke exposure can increase the risk of contracting a range of diseases such as lung cancer, pneumonia and stroke, contributing to nearly four million deaths a year1). To help address the problem, ISO has developed a series of International Standards and related documents for cleaner, safer cooking solutions that will provide a platform for new and existing technologies to develop and grow. These include an International Standard on laboratory testing, a technical report on sector-specific vocabulary and a technical report for benchmarking lab testing measurements. Two of them have just been published, with the third due to be released later this year.
Ranyee Chiang, Chair of the committee that developed the standards and former Director of Standards, Technology and Fuels at the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, said this is a positive step for the industry. “Progress has been made, but with a global issue affecting three billion people, we must have ambitious goals,” she said.
‹‹የኤሌክትሪክ አገልግሎት ሥራ አመራር ቦርድና ተቆጣጣሪ የሆነው የውኃ፣ መስኖና ኤሌክትሪክ ሚኒስቴር ያስቀመጧቸውን ግቦች የሚሸከም የሥራ አስፈጻሚና የማኔጅመንት አባል ተመድቧል ተብሎ አይታመንም፤›› በማለት የገለጸው የቅሬታ አቅራቢዎቹ ደብዳቤ፣ ‹‹አመዳደቡ ችግሮችን ከማባባስ ባሻገር የሚፈይደው አንዳችም መፍትሔ ይኖራል ተብሎ አይታመንም፤›› በማለት፣ አሠራሩ ከወዲሁ መልክ ካልያዘ ድርጅቱ ተመልሶ ወደ ማጥ እንደሚገባ ቅሬታ አቅራቢዎቹ በደብዳቤያቸው ማስጠንቀቂያ ሰጥተዋል፡፡
The Ethiopian government has drafted a new national standard for the small-scale solar home system (SHS) with the primary aim of regulating the quality of imported items. The standard, which was drafted with a joint effort by the Ministry of Water, Irrigation & Electricity, Ethiopia Standards Agency and Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, was finalised two weeks ago. It was then tabled for discussion to receive comments from stakeholders in a seminar that was held in Adama, 100Km South of the capital.
The Initiation to drafting the standard came from the MoWIE that requested the Standard Agency for the preparation of the standard in November 2016. The technical committee of the Agency, formed to formulate such specification drafted the standard in collaboration with stakeholders including the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and World Bank’s International Finance Corporation (IFC). The two global development partners assisted the process with finance and technical aids. Global Environment Facility of the UNDP has pledged 15,000 dollars for the drafting process that took a year.