(Xinhua, 01 March 2018)
Ethiopia earned 35.06 million US dollars from energy exports to Sudan, Djibouti and Kenya in the first six months of the current Ethiopian Fiscal Year, which started on July 9, 2017, an Ethiopian official said on Wednesday.
Energy-intensive industries such as textiles, metal and cement are going to sign an agreement with the Ethiopian Energy Authority to control energy losses. To enact the new system, the Authority has drawn up a directive that will operationalise voluntary energy efficiency agreements. The directive is expected to be effective before the end of this month.
The Authority took experiences from eight countries in drawing up the draft, which awaits approval by the board next week, and worked with government entities such as the Ethiopia Electric Utility. Manufacturers with an annual consumption of at least 20GWh will be encouraged to enter into agreements with the Authority binding them to energy saving action plans to be met within a certain period. Failure to meet these targets will result in penalties based on estimates of their energy losses.
Raise the overall price of electricity to reflect the cost of service after taking into account any capital cost subsidies for extending service to rural areas. Also, incorporate other best practices into the distribution sector to promote rural electrification. Ethiopia’s low electricity prices cause problems for rural electrification as a business. The electricity price for rural households is extremely low, making it difficult for EEPCo to recover its costs. The price for those consuming 50 kW or less per month is about US$0.02 per kWh. Even at the level of 400 kWh, the price of electricity is only $0.03 per kWh. This means that the rural electrification program loses money on every new customer. Consumers have little incentive to conserve electricity, and EEPCo has little incentive to provide the necessary operation and maintenance for rural lines. In the future, this will likely cause a decline in the quality of service.
Have simple and effective mechanisms for targeting the poor. In this GPOBA program, targeting was achieved by combining geographic criteria with self-selection methods. The targeting was consistent with the Ethiopian government’s policy of providing equity and broad geographical coverage for its rural electrification access program.
Facilitate house wiring in both standard and substandard housing. One major issue identified in this study was EEPCo’s policy of connecting only those homes made of concrete, which frustrated many poorer households who were ineligible for electricity service. They, in turn, decided to string wires to a neighboring house with a legitimate meter. Most of the problems involving indirect household connections could be avoided by developing standard waterproof ready boards for installation in houses constructed of substandard materials.
A research paper by (as obtained from Science Direct):
The energy sector of Ethiopia continues to largely rely on traditional biomass energy due to limited access to modern energy sources to meet growing demand. Long-term energy demand forecasting is essential to guide the country's plans to expand the energy supply system. This study provides a general overview of Ethiopia's current energy demand and forecasts sector-wise energy demand out to 2030 for alternative policy scenarios using the Long-range Energy Alternative Planning (LEAP) model. The reference scenario assumes a continuation of recent energy consumption trends and takes account of current energy and economic dynamics. Three alternative scenarios on improved cookstoves, efficient lighting, and universal electrification scenario were identified as key priorities of the government of Ethiopia and modeled. Results from the model can assist energy planners in ensuring that the country's capacity for supply meets projected growth in demand for energy. They also shed light on the tradeoffs implicit in alternative policy priorities and investments in terms of economic development and environmental sustainability. Most importantly, the results suggest that alternative investments can conserve energy, improve environmental sustainability, enhance energy equity and improve the country's development indicators.